Robin Petroze

Robin Petroze, MD, MPH

Associate Professor

Business Phone: (352) 273-8825

About Robin Petroze

Dr. Petroze is an Associate Professor in the Division of Pediatric Surgery and joined the UF faculty in 2018. She serves as the Assistant Chair of Global Surgery within the UF Department of Surgery and has affiliate appointments in the UF Department of Environmental and Global Health and through the UF Center for African Studies. Originally from Kentucky, Dr. Petroze graduated with a medical degree from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and finished first in her graduating class. She completed her general surgery residency at the University of Virginia, where she received an NIH Fogarty International Fellowship to study access to surgical care, capacity for emergency and essential surgery and educational development, living for two years in Rwanda in East Africa. She subsequently completed her master’s degree in public health at the University of Virginia. Dr. Petroze completed her pediatric surgery fellowship training at the Montreal Children’s Hospital/McGill University in Quebec, one of the first five pediatric surgery training programs in North America.

Dr. Petroze focuses on all aspects of pediatric surgery, with special interest in neonatal surgery, minimally invasive surgery, surgical oncology, and pediatric congenital colorectal conditions. She is medical director for the surgical pediatric bowel management program, the Responsible Investigator for surgery for the University of Florida for the Children’s Oncology Group as well as the institutional PI for the Pediatric Surgical Oncology Research Consortium and Eastern Pediatric Surgery Network. Dr. Petroze also serves as the Associate Pediatric Trauma Medical Director and the Surgical Champion for the American College of Surgeons NSQIP Pediatric program at UF. Dr. Petroze’s research, teaching and advocacy focuses on access to equitable care in underserved populations both internationally and domestically as well as patient and family-centered outcomes. She has received numerous teaching awards and has over 60 peer-reviewed publications.


Exemplary Teacher Award
2021 · UF College of Medicine
International Educator of the Year
2021 · UF College of Medicine
Exemplary Teacher Award
2020 · UF College of Medicine
Hilary Sanfey Outstanding Resident Award
2015 · Association of Women Surgeons
Pfizer Surgical Volunteerism Award
2012 · American College of Surgeons

Board Certifications

  • General Surgery
    American Board of Surgery
  • Pediatric Surgery
    American Board of Surgery

Clinical Profile

  • Pediatric Surgery
Areas of Interest
  • Anorectal abscess
  • Appendicitis
  • Breast lump
  • Burns
  • Esophageal atresia
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease – children
  • Hirschsprung disease
  • Hydroceles
  • Inguinal hernia repair
  • Intussusception – children
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Omphalocele
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pectus excavatum
  • Pyloric stenosis in infants
  • Testicular torsion
  • Thyroid diseases
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Wilms tumor

Research Profile

Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID)



Exploring Limited English Proficiency in the Clinical Outcomes of Pediatric Burn Patients
Journal of Surgical Research. 284:54-61 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jss.2022.10.041.
Structural evaluation of child physical abuse in trauma: Social determinants of health at the population level
Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 58(1):106-110 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.09.033.
Enterobius vermicularis-associated appendicitis: A 22-year case series and comprehensive review of the literature
Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 57(8):1494-1498 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2021.09.038.
Exploring the lived experiences of parents caring for infants with gastroschisis in Rwanda: The untold story
PLOS Global Public Health. 2(6) [DOI] 10.1371/journal.pgph.0000439.
Global Surgery Opportunities for General Surgery Residents: Are We Making Progress?
The Journal of surgical research. 279:436-441 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jss.2022.06.043. [PMID] 35841812.
Incidence and management of pleural effusions in patients with Wilms tumor: A Pediatric Surgical Oncology Research Collaborative study.
International journal of cancer. 151(10):1696-1702 [DOI] 10.1002/ijc.34188. [PMID] 35748343.
Medical Student Career Choice: Who Is the Influencer?
The Journal of surgical research. 272:9-16 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jss.2021.11.007. [PMID] 34922268.
Optimizing US surgical trainees for global engagement
The American Journal of Surgery. 223(2):222-223 [DOI] 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2021.09.012.
Predictors of Survival: A Retrospective Review of Gastroschisis and Intestinal Atresia in Rwanda.
The Journal of surgical research. 273:138-146 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jss.2021.12.035. [PMID] 35085941.
Social determinants of health in pediatric scald burns: Is food access an issue?
Surgery. 172(5):1510-1515 [DOI] 10.1016/j.surg.2022.06.039.
Social injustice symposium: Urban, rural, and global disparities in access to care
Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 57(11):624-631 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2022.03.024.
Should We Offer Surgery for Biliary Atresia in Low-Resource Settings? Surgical Outcomes in Rwanda.
The Journal of surgical research. 257:419-424 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jss.2020.08.004. [PMID] 32892140.
The first six years of the APSA Travel Fellowship Program: Impact and lessons learned.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 56(5):862-867 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.06.030. [PMID] 32713712.
Academic global surgery and COVID-19: Turning impediments into opportunities.
American journal of surgery. 220(1):53-54 [DOI] 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.05.022. [PMID] 32418632.
Calibration and validation of the pediatric resuscitation and trauma outcome model among injured children in Rwanda.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 55(11):2510-2516 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.01.056. [PMID] 32151404.
Epidemiology of paediatric injuries in Rwanda using a prospective trauma registry
BJS Open. 4(1):78-85 [DOI] 10.1002/bjs5.50222. [PMID] 32011812.
Pelvic pseudocyst presenting with vaginal drainage of cerebrospinal fluid in an adolescent: A rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt
Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. 62 [DOI] 10.1016/j.epsc.2020.101644.
Distal rectal skip segment Hirschsprung disease: Case report and review of literature.
Fetal and pediatric pathology. 38(5):437-443 [DOI] 10.1080/15513815.2019.1608606. [PMID] 31032690.
Preoperative cardiopulmonary evaluation in specific neonatal surgery.
Seminars in pediatric surgery. 28(1):3-10 [DOI] 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2019.01.002. [PMID] 30824131.
An appeal from fellows.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 53(6):1259-1260 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.03.002. [PMID] 29618411.
Appropriate use of total parenteral nutrition in children with perforated appendicitis.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 53(5):991-995 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.02.030. [PMID] 29525273.
Regarding global pediatric surgery training opportunities.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 53(6):1256-1258 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.03.003. [PMID] 29605263.
Exploring the Significance of Bidirectional Learning for Global Health Education.
Annals of global health. 82(6):955-963 [DOI] 10.1016/j.aogh.2016.11.008. [PMID] 28314497.
Self-reported Determinants of Access to Surgical Care in 3 Developing Countries.
JAMA surgery. 151(3):257-63 [DOI] 10.1001/jamasurg.2015.3431. [PMID] 26536154.
Two Cases of Abdominal Pain after Trauma.
Pediatrics in review. 37(4):e16-8 [DOI] 10.1542/pir.2015-0101. [PMID] 27037109.
Can focused trauma education initiatives reduce mortality or improve resource utilization in a low-resource setting?
World journal of surgery. 39(4):926-33 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-014-2899-y. [PMID] 25479817.
Injury, disability and access to care in Rwanda: results of a nationwide cross-sectional population study.
World journal of surgery. 39(1):62-9 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-014-2544-9. [PMID] 24867466.
Temporal Trends in Blood Stream Infection Isolates from Surgical Patients.
Surgical infections. 16(4):388-95 [DOI] 10.1089/sur.2013.125. [PMID] 26070099.
The “high-risk” deep venous thrombosis screening protocol for trauma patients: Is it practical?
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 79(6):970-5; discussion 975 [DOI] 10.1097/TA.0000000000000855. [PMID] 26488317.
Burn management in sub-Saharan Africa: opportunities for implementation of dedicated training and development of specialty centers.
Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. 40(1):157-63 [DOI] 10.1016/j.burns.2013.05.015. [PMID] 23850364.
Estimating pediatric surgical need in developing countries: a household survey in Rwanda.
Journal of pediatric surgery. 49(7):1092-8 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2014.01.059. [PMID] 24952795.
Global disease burden of conditions requiring emergency surgery (Br j surg 2014; 101: e9-e22).
The British journal of surgery. 101(1) [DOI] 10.1002/bjs.9376. [PMID] 24338774.
Hypocaloric compared with eucaloric nutritional support and its effect on infection rates in a surgical intensive care unit: a randomized controlled trial.
The American journal of clinical nutrition. 100(5):1337-43 [DOI] 10.3945/ajcn.114.088609. [PMID] 25332331.
Infectious outcomes assessment for health system strengthening in low-resource settings: the novel use of a trauma registry in Rwanda.
Surgical infections. 15(4):382-6 [DOI] 10.1089/sur.2013.146. [PMID] 24828195.
Influence of bronchoscopy on the diagnosis of and outcomes from ventilator-associated pneumonia.
Surgical infections. 15(5):527-32 [DOI] 10.1089/sur.2013.142. [PMID] 24841750.
Prevalence of breast masses and barriers to care: results from a population-based survey in Rwanda and Sierra Leone.
Journal of surgical oncology. 110(8):903-6 [DOI] 10.1002/jso.23726. [PMID] 25088235.
Collaboration in surgical capacity development: a report of the inaugural meeting of the Strengthening Rwanda Surgery initiative.
World journal of surgery. 37(7):1500-5 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-012-1769-8. [PMID] 22956013.
Engaging academic surgery in global health: challenges and opportunities in the development of an academic track in global surgery.
Surgery. 153(3):316-20 [DOI] 10.1016/j.surg.2012.08.070. [PMID] 23218883.
Estimating operative disease prevalence in a low-income country: results of a nationwide population survey in Rwanda.
Surgery. 153(4):457-64 [DOI] 10.1016/j.surg.2012.10.001. [PMID] 23253378.
Household survey in Sierra Leone reveals high prevalence of surgical conditions in children.
World journal of surgery. 37(6):1220-6 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-013-1996-7. [PMID] 23529099.
Surgical residency market research-what are applicants looking for?
Journal of surgical education. 70(2):232-6 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jsurg.2012.09.002. [PMID] 23427969.
Vancomycin and nephrotoxicity: just another myth?
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 75(5):830-5 [DOI] 10.1097/TA.0b013e3182a74b70. [PMID] 24158202.
Comprehensive national analysis of emergency and essential surgical capacity in Rwanda.
The British journal of surgery. 99(3):436-43 [DOI] 10.1002/bjs.7816. [PMID] 22237597.
Healthcare worker safety: a vital component of surgical capacity development in low-resource settings.
International journal of occupational and environmental health. 18(4):307-11 [DOI] 10.1179/2049396712Y.0000000005. [PMID] 23433291.
Pediatric chest II: Benign tumors and cysts.
The Surgical clinics of North America. 92(3):645-58, ix [DOI] 10.1016/j.suc.2012.03.014. [PMID] 22595713.
Picturing the climate: radiologic assessment of rwandan imaging capacity.
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR. 9(1):69-73 [DOI] 10.1016/j.jacr.2011.09.006. [PMID] 22221639.
Pilot testing of a population-based surgical survey tool in Sierra Leone.
World journal of surgery. 36(4):771-4 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-012-1448-9. [PMID] 22311139.
Ratio of cesarean sections to total procedures as a marker of district hospital trauma capacity.
World journal of surgery. 36(9):2074-9 [DOI] 10.1007/s00268-012-1629-6. [PMID] 22532310.
Proteomic identification of proteins oxidized by Abeta(1-42) in synaptosomes: implications for Alzheimer’s disease.
Brain research. 1044(2):206-15 [PMID] 15885219.
4-Hydroxynonenal oxidatively modifies histones: implications for Alzheimer’s disease.
Neuroscience letters. 356(3):155-8 [PMID] 15036618.


Fellowship – Pediatric Surgery
2016-2018 · Montreal Children's Hospital/McGill University Health Centre
Residency – General Surgery
2013-2016 · University of Virginia Health System
Master's Degree – Public Health
2013 · University of Virginia
Medical School
2008 · University of Cincinnati College of Medicine

Contact Details

(352) 273-8825
Business Mailing:
PO Box 100119